设为首页

加入收藏

注册

登录

汉网首页

Your robot teacher of the future 未来的机器人老师

Your robot teacher of the future 未来的机器人老师

Your robot teacher of the future 未来的机器人老师

点击收听音频>>

你能想象让高效率的机器人教师指导你在区区六个月内读完整个本科学位吗?虽然听上去有些不着边际,但一位未来学家认为,这个猜想会变为现实。欢迎来到机器人老师的世界,和《随身英语(精品课)》一起探讨未来教育和科技之间的紧密关系。

课文内容

Vocabulary: Work 词汇: 工作

Will your job be done by a robot in the future? Bank of England economists predict that almost half of all UK jobs are under threat of automation. Those most at risk involve repetetive manual labour, such as factory positions. But could even the venerable profession of teaching soon have to compete against powerful electronic educators?

At first glance, teaching might seem impervious to replacement by robots. Teachers use a range of soft skills that machines find hard to replicate. They gauge pupils' needs and tailor feedback accordingly. They adapt materials to make them more engaging and effective. And they provide pastoral care: looking out for students who lag behind or disrupt the class.

Nonetheless, some believe the future of education will be technological. In an interview with Business Insider magazine, futurist Thomas Frey predicts that "by 2030 the largest company on the internet is going to be an education-based company that we haven't heard of yet."

He thinks that 'bots' – online robot teachers – will make education so efficient that students will be able to compress an entire undergraduate degree into six months of learning. A bot learns what your "idiosyncrasies" "interests" and "reference points" are, "and it figures out how to teach you in a faster and faster way over time," according to Frey.

Whether or not such incredible speeds will be reached, over the last decade there has been a huge increase in online learning platforms. Companies such as Udemy and Khan Academy produce courses that allow millions to learn at home for free, at their own pace. But there are limitations. Without the face-to-face stimulation of a classroom environment, the overwhelming majority of students fail to complete online courses. How to sustain motivation to learn is one more skill that online teachers will need to master.

Indeed, Frey admits there is some way to go: "Nobody has quite cracked the code for the future of education." What do teachers themselves think about this? Professor Donald Clark from Derby University in the UK thinks that we should embrace change, even though people will lose their jobs.

"Artificial intelligence will destroy jobs - so why not use it for a social good such as learning?" he asked.

词汇表

automation 自动化

at risk 面临风险

manual labour 体力劳动

position 工作,职位

profession (需专业知识技能的)职业

impervious 不受影响的

soft skill 软技能,如与人相处的能力和沟通能力等

to gauge 判断(人的感受)

to tailor (根据需要)调整

feedback 反馈意见

to lag behind 落后

to compress 压缩、缩短

idiosyncrasy 个人特征、习性

overwhelming majority 压倒性多数,绝大多数

to master 掌握

to crack (a) code 找到解决问题的办法

to embrace change 积极接受改变

artificial intelligence 人工智能

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What are some of the soft skills that teachers use?

2. How do bots teach?

3. What has been one of the main failures of online courses so far?

4. Which verb means 'to copy'?

5. True or false: Frey believes we have already developed powerful robot teachers.

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。

1. Marcus ______ French in just four months. He has such a talent with languages.

compressed mastered gauged tailored

2. You need to show your ______ as well as your knowledge and experience at job interviews.

feedback soft skills profession idiosyncrasies

3. Sue ______ her class when she was young, but worked hard and got into a good university.

lagged mastered lagged behind fed back

4. Heavy smokers are ______ of lung cancer.

risky risk at risk risking

5. We have a number of ______ available at our company this month.

labours professions employments positions

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What are some of the soft skills that teachers use?

Teachers gauge pupils' needs, tailor feedback and provide pastoral care.

2. How do bots teach?

Bots learn your idiosyncrasies, interests and reference points, and use this information to figure out how to teach you as fast as possible, according to Frey.

3. What has been one of the main failures of online courses so far?

The majority of students fail to complete online courses because they struggle to maintain motivation without the face-to-face stimulation of a classroom environment.

4.Which verb means 'to copy'?

To replicate.

5. True or false: Frey believes we have already developed powerful robot teachers.

False. He believes that nobody has "cracked the code" for the future of education yet, but is confident that we will.

2. 请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处 。

1. Marcus mastered French in just four months. He has such a talent with languages.

2. You need to show your soft skills as well as your knowledge and experience at job interviews.

3. Sue lagged behind her class when she was young, but worked hard and got into a good university.

4. Heavy smokers are at risk of lung cancer.

5. We have a number of positions available at our company this month.

责编:汉网

上一篇:成为参与全球治理的国际人才,你准备好了吗?

下一篇:Making money from your spare room 空房间变生财之道

分享到: 0

论坛推荐众议院

民生财经

时尚亲子